A conveyor belt is a mechanical system that transports various items, such as luggage or coal, from one location to another. These systems are made up of various components that work together for the conveyor belt to operate efficiently. Read about conveyor belts and how they are made below:
The carcass of the conveyor belt refers to the internal structure of the belt. This area of the belt is the part of the system that is in place to withstand the tension of the load placed on the conveyor belt. The different types of conveyor belts use different methods to withstand tension. One type of conveyor belt, a fabric belt, uses two layers of reinforced fabric separated by cushioning to absorb the force of the load.
The belts used for a conveyor system come in many different materials. The most common materials used for belting are rubber, PVC, polyester, nylon, leather and more. The rubber belts are commonly used in industrial applications to move heavy loads, while PVC belts can be found in airports for luggage transport.
How they work
These conveyor belt systems work with the synchronised use of rollers, pulleys, belts and motors. The belt is stretched over two pulleys that are powered by a motor. The motorised pulleys are used to roll the conveyor belt in order to move products. If the conveyor belt is moving goods over a long distance, the conveyor belt is fitted with rollers, as well as a carcass, for support.